What does “independence” really mean?

A “lost boy” votes for independence KALW Crosscurrents

In 2011, San Jose resident Bol Deng Bol, from southern Sudan, traveled 12 hours by car to cast his vote in the Sudan referendum in Arizona. Bol is one of the so-called “Sudan Lost Boys,” who fled the country and walked hundreds of miles through jungles to a refugee camp. Bol eventually became a program manager at Hope with Sudan, a San Jose non-profit, to help his country. Listen.

July 4th, 1970 Pacifica Radio Archives

The cultural revolutions of the 1960s changed the discourse surrounding freedom and independence. Archival audio from a July 4, 1970 celebration in Washington, D.C. captures differing views on patriotism and the American legacy following the Civil Rights movement, anti-war efforts, the Stonewall Riots, second-wave feminism, and the rise of Black Power. Listen.

Can a free people survive? Illinois Public Media

December 7, 1787 is a lesser known date than July 4, 1776, but it was a fateful month in our history as a nation. Delaware was the first state to ratify the charter of our liberties, the Constitution of the United States of America. 154 four years later, to a day, this nation was faced with the question of whether a free people living under the guarantees of that Constitution and protected by its Bill of Rights could survive. Listen.

Image: Joe PennistonCC BY-NC-ND 2.0